Anthropology Answer Writing Practice 2018 - Week 8 - Question 2
90 Days Anthropology Answer Writing Practice Question 2 for 31-Dec-2018
Instructions for Writing Answer
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3. Model Answers will be uploaded on this page the next day.
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31-Dec-2018 - Question 2
Write a note on geographical distribution of Indian tribes. 200 words. 10 marks.
For Question 1 - Click Here
B.S. Guha has classified Indian tribes into three zones based on geographical distribution.
- The North and North Eastern zone
- The Central zone
- The Southern zone
THE NORTH AND NORTH EASTERN ZONE.
Parts of Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand come under north zone. Tharu, Bhoksa, Jaunsari (Khasa), Bhotia, Raji etc are the tribes of these regions. Aka, Dafla, Miri, Gurung, Mishmi are the tribes of Assam and Arunachal region. Khasi, Jaintia and Garo are tribes of Meghalaya. Lepcha belongs to Sikkim. Kuki belongs to Manipur. Konyak, Naga etc belong to Nagaland.
THE CENTRAL ZONE
The zone includes all tribes between Indo-gangetic plain in north and Krishna river in south and from Rajasthan and Gujarat in west to Odisha/Bengal in east. Bhil, Sahariya, Meena, Garasiya etc belong to Rajasthan. Katkari and Kol live along vindhyachal range. The Gonds live around gondwanaland. Kotaku, Agario, Baiga live around maikal ranges. Muria in bastar bills, hill muriya in adbhujmar hills. Juang, Kharia, Khond, Bhumij live in Odisha hills. Savara, Gadaba and Borido live in ganjam distt. Munda, Santhal, Oraon, Ho and Birhor live in Chhotanagpur plateau.
THE SOUTHERN ZONE.
The zone includes tribes from south of krishna river to southernmost tip of India i.e. Cape comorin. Chenchu occupy nallamala hills. Korage, Yaruva and Toda occupy coorg hills in western Ghats. Trulia, Paniyan and Kurumba live in wayanad area. Toda, Badaga and Kota live in Nilgiri hills.
Guha did not include tribes of Andaman & Nicobar under southern zone. They can said to constitute a fourth zone based upon their unique and aborigin characteristics and vulnerability. These are the Great Andamanese, Sentinelese, Onge, Nicobarese and Jarawa.
Students should prepare a diagram of physical map of india showing these zones and location of tribes in that map.