Anthropology Answer Writing Practice 2018 - Week 4 - Question 6

90 Days Anthropology Answer Writing Practice Question 2 for 07-Dec-2018

Instructions for Writing Answer

1. Write your answers in the comment section.


2. Experts will provide their feedback in reply.

3. Model Answers will be uploaded on this page the next day.

4. Rectify your mistakes and progress further.

5. All the Best.

07-Dec-2018 - Question 2

Explain various features of indian caste system.200 words.

For Question 1 - Click Here

Model Answer

Caste system is prevalent in the whole world but indian caste system is quite unique. In India, caste is Jati and that uniqueness is 'untouchability’. Following are the various features of caste system.

  1. Hierarchy: There is a hierarchy in indian caste system in following order i.e. Brahmin, Kshatriya, vaishya and Shudra. This is according to mythical positions. It is fixed. The concept of belongingness to these groups have changed from rigvedic to post-vedic period.
  2. Segmental division of society : The caste system divides the society into different groups (subcastes) each having different privileges, duties and status. The status of a person in that group is determined by birth not by his virtues. Each caste has its own norms which delineates intra and inter caste rights and obligations. Almost all castes have social sanctions for breaching such norms.
  3. Endogamy: The caste endogamy and gotra exogamy is very important feature of Indian caste system. Individual may invite sanctions for breaching them.
  4. Fixed occupation: Each caste has traditional occupation. The occupations are assigned as per  hierarchy. The social norms prevent mobility of castes vis a vis occupational structure. If at all any mobility occurs due to economic advances, the status remains same.
  5. Civil and religious disabilities : The upper castes enjoy many privileges whereas lower castes face disabilities of various kinds. For instance, temple entry, taking water from common well etc.
  6. Restrictions on feeding and social interaction: This is prevalent due to concept of purity and pollution. It led to untouchability. Though, Constitution had abolished the practice of untouchability but indian caste system is so rigid that reforms on ground take time.


After discussing the features of the caste system, one can further study their merits and demerits also.

Note: There is no template for a correct UPSC answer, the model answer is only for your reference

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