Anthropology Answer Writing Practice 2018 - Week 2 - Question 3

90 Days Anthropology Answer Writing Practice Question 1 for 21-Nov-2018

Instructions for Writing Answer

1. Write your answers in the comment section.


2. Experts will provide their feedback in reply.

3. Model Answers will be uploaded on this page the next day.

4. Rectify your mistakes and progress further.

5. All the Best.

21-Nov-2018 - Question 1

Linguistic divisions in Indian population. 10 marks. 150 words.

For Question 2 - Click Here


Model Answer

A linguistic group is an entity of social significance. Though India can be divided into four speech families (as given below) but there is broader social integration among various groups and regions. According to 1961 census, 187 languages were spoken in India but only 23 languages accounted for 97% population. Of these 23 languages, 15 are recognised in eighth schedule of constitution. 

The four main linguistic division in India are Indo-European, The Dravidian, The Austric and The Tibeto-chinese.

Indo European family (aka aryan languages): This is a major family comprising of 73% population. This family is divided into two branches. A) the dardic group branch including dardi, shina, kohistani and kashmiri. B). Indo aryan branch is divided into northern group( nepali, pahari), north western group (lhanda, kachchi), eastern group ( oriya, bihari, bengali, Assamese), central group( punjabi, rajasthani, gujarati).

Austric family. Most of the tribal languages are part of this family. It is further divided into munda and mon kumher. Munda branch consists of 14 tribal languages viz. Santhali, mundari, ho, bhumij, birhor etc. The Mon kumher branch consist of khasi and nicobari.

Tibeto-chinese family : it is further divided into three branches viz. Tibeto-Himalayan ( Tibetan, ladakhi, lahauli, lepcha, kanauri), north assam (dafla, miri, mishmi, abhor, aka), Assam-Burmese (bodo, naga, kachin, kukichin, burma).

Dravidian family : It is further divided into south Dravidian (tamil, malayalam, Kannada, tulu, kurgi), central Dravidian ( Telugu snd gondi), north Dravidian ( oraon, malti). South Dravidian accounts for 96% of total speakers of Dravidian family.


The geographical distribution of these four families of languages is not easy to demarcate. Globalisation and migration has made possible for even language to migrate and assimilate. Further, In india, linguistic identity is so strong that linguistic division has formed the basis of states formation and three language formula across the country is always on debate.

Note: There is no template for a correct UPSC answer, the model answer is only for your reference


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